Stages of Cooked Sugar


Stage Temperature Ice Water Test (Single Drop)
Thread 236° F (113° C) Spins in a 2" (5 cm) thread
Soft Ball 240° F (116° C) Forms a soft ball
Firm Ball 246° F (119° C) Forms a firm ball
Hard Ball 260° F (127° C) Forms a hard, compact ball
Soft Crack 270° F (132° C) Separates into a hard but not brittle thread
Hard Crack 300° F (149° C) Separates into a hard, brittle sheet
Caramel 338° F (170° C) Liquid turns brown